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Understanding Boundary and Land Surveys in Real Estate

In real estate, it's crucial to grasp the differences between boundary and land surveys. Boundary surveys focus on mapping property lines, corners, and any encroachments or easements, while land surveys assess the terrain, features, and suitability of a tract of land for development. 

Both are essential tools in real estate transactions, ensuring clarity, compliance, and informed decision-making. 

Why Get a Survey? 

Knowledge: Alerts the buyer to any major issues concerning the property before settlement. 

Protection: Adds additional coverage included in your Title Insurance Policy. 

Considerations Regarding the Property: 

  • Lack of access 
  • Presence of encroachments 

Boundary Surveys: 

  • Define property lines 
  • Use property markers and title research 
  • Result in the creation of a plat or survey map for legal purposes

Land Surveys: 

  • Assess terrain and features 
  • Incorporate topographic mapping and site analysis 
  • Inform engineering design and site development plans 

Understanding the Distinction: 

Boundary surveys establish property lines and legal boundaries 

Land surveys provide a comprehensive analysis of the physical characteristics and suitability of the land for development 

In summary, boundary surveys draw the lines of ownership, while land surveys paint a detailed picture of the terrain and its potential. Whether you're buying a new property, planning a construction project, or simply curious about land matters, understanding the distinction between boundary and land surveys empowers you to navigate the complexities of land ownership and development with confidence. 


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